Monday, September 05 2011 @ 08:45 AM EDT
Contributed by: Admin
While many people are not aware, the practice of meditation dates back to around 500-600 B.C. During that time period, Taoists in China and Buddhists in India began to develop meditative practices. The English word; ''meditation'' has come to mean think, ponder, contemplate or devise and is derived from the Latin verb; 'meditari'. Because the history of meditation is closely tied to the religious context within which it''s practiced, Western Christian meditation differs from other forms in that it doesn't include the repetition of any action or phrasing, and also wasn't posture specific. In the 1950''s, secular or non-religious forms of meditation were evolving in India. A Westernized form of Hindu meditative techniques first arrived in Europe and the United States in the 1960''s, emphasizing self improvement, as well as stress reduction and relaxation.
Due to the explosion of popularity that meditation has experienced since the 1970''s, thousands of research studies have been conducted on the topic. Strangely, despite the wealth of research, the knowledge of exactly what mechanism is providing the numerous beneficial aspects associated with meditation still remains a mystery.